Insurance protection coverage is a form of risk control primarily used to protect against the possibility of a contingent, uncertain Mis-happening. Insurance protection coverage is defined as the reasonable transfer of the possibility of a contingency, from one business to another, in exchange for payment. An insurer, or insurance company, is a company selling the insurance; the insured, or client, is the person or business buying the protection.

The amount to be charged for a certain variety of insurance protection is called the premium. The insured gets an agreement, known as the insurance coverage, which informs the circumstances under which the covered will be economically paid.